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This is a discussion on Slang/Shorthand "Orchid Speak" -- or "What on Earth does this term mean?" within the General Information forums, part of the Frequently Asked Questions category; Originally Posted by Birdwoman Thank you, Bruce. That is exactly what I needed. Rk. is ...
New updated table is in place in first post. Unfortunately, though done the same way as the original table, the colors, font and gridlines did not come through.
Slang/term Meaning AM “Award of Merit”; award indicating flowers of very high quality; may be seen following the species or grex name AOS abbreviation for the American Orchid Society or Australian Orchid Society (there may be many more) balanced fertilizer fertilizer in which the N-P-K ratio is the same for all 3 (for example 10-10-10) Bare root orchid without a pot or any media; state in which some people ship orchids in order to minimize shipping costs (among other reasons) Blast or
the sudden demise of a flower bud, typically characterized by a developing bud shriveling and/or yellowing BS blooming size bulldog paph hybrids w/ large, round heavy-substance large-dorsal sepal flowers (aka complex hybrids) cane pb of dens which tend to be tall/long/cane like CCM and
Certificate of Cultural Merit and Certificate of Cultural Excellence (the 2nd being the higher award); award given to robust, well flowered specimen plant cfl compact fluorescent light chid orchid clonal name name following the species or grex name to indicate a particularly noteworthy specimen; all clones of such a specimen will bear that same clonal name; this name is always written in single quotation marks – not the normal double marks CMV cymbidium mosaic virus coir medium made up of coconut fibers compact size term referring to plants which will be anywhere from 6-12 inches (15.24-30cm) in height from the base of the pb to the tip of the longest leaf in a mature plant compot “community pot”; pot containing many seedlings cross refers to the breeding or “crossing” of two orchids crown top of an orchid stem; especially that of monopodial orchids like phals crown rot bacterial or fungal disease which manifests in the plants crown cultivar see “clonal name” div division dorsal topmost sepal (commonly, though erroneously, also called a “petal”) - most often used in discussions regarding slipper orchids epiphyte a plant which grows completely upon another plant, using that plant for support—typically so it can grow in a sunnier location flask glass jar/container used as a “nursery” for the development of very small/young seedlings flasking process of preparing a flask and “seeding it” with either orchid seeds or protocorms for development into seedlings FCC First Class Certificate: award indicating flowers of the highest quality; may be seen following the species or grex name genera not a slang term but rather the correct plural of genus (there is no such word as "genuses" ) G/H or gh greenhouse grex the group or hybrid name given to the progeny of a certain cross hard cane dens dens typically with harder, thinner canes; these form long spikes with many flowers at the top of the cane HCC Highly Commended Certificate; award indicating flowers of high quality; may be seen following the species or grex name HCM Horticultural Certificate of Merit; awarded to a well grown and well flowered plant horticultural grade reference to products safe for use with plants (example – charcoal made for use in grills is NOT horticultural grade) keiki properly pronounced KAY-kee; a small plantlet formed on the "mother" plant; a form of asexual reproduction lip one of 6 prominent floral structures, this modified petal is often (but not always) larger or vastly different in appearance from the other petals or from the sepals lithophyte plant which grows on rocks or rocky outcroppings (like cliff sides) LS or
leaf span; the span of two adjacent leaves from leaf tip to leaf tip (often seen on vendors sites carrying Paphs and Phrags) mealies mealybugs (insect pest covered w/ a white cottony substance) mini size related term, properly only referring to those orchids that as mature plants are no more than 6 inches (15.24cm) in total height from the base of the pb to the tip of the longest leaf; NOTE: many vendors erroneously apply this term to plants that are much taller (not true minis) monopodial literally “one foot”; growth habit in orchids like phals and vandas which grow continually as a single upright stem NBS near blooming size Noid or NOID or NoID no ID; any orchid whose correct species or hybrid name is unknown NPK or N-P-K the 3 main elements found in fertilizers: nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium ORSV odontoglossum ringspot virus pb or p-bulb pseudobulb; the rounded/bulbous-shaped stem found in some orchid genera (like catts or cyms) pot bound plant whose roots have completely filled its pot – often the roots completely circle the inside of the pot potting up moving the plant up to the next larger plant size when repotting primary hybrid hybrid resulting from the crossing of two species protocorm undifferentiated mass of tissue formed from an orchid seed or from meristematic tissue (used in cloning process) that can give rise to new plants RH or R/H relative humidity RHS Royal Horticultural Society RO reverse osmosis (a method of water purification) root bound see “pot bound” sdlg seedling sepals the 3 outer “petals” (greatly simplified definition -- botanically there is really is more to it) s/h or SH semihydroponic (a method of orchid culture) sheath a leaf like "envelope" through which flower buds emerge; common with cattleyas slipper refers to paphs, phrags, or cyps due to their “slipper” shaped lip soft cane den
dens w/ typically thicker, softer (almost succulent like) canes; these form clusters of flowers (often of 1-3 in #) on very short spikes &/or keikis at the nodes along the cane specimen or
“large” multigrowth plant (*Note: Large in this case is referring not to size of individual growths but to the entire mass/multitude of growths taken as a whole and is a relative term dependent on the size/type of plant -- for some of the truly tiny minis, a mass the size of a teacup could very well be “specimen-size.” ) sphag sphagnum moss sphag ‘n bag individual ICU devised to save an ailing/expiring orchid by means of enclosing it in plastic with damp sphagnum moss spike the flower stalk of an orchid;
also the act of forming a flower stalk
sponge rock perlite standard size term referring to mature plants which will be over 12 inches (30.5cm) tall from base of the pb to the tip of the longest leaf steppers plant growth habit in which each new pb is above the height of the previous pb (like the steps on a staircase); not a commonly used term tc tissue culture; method of cloning a plant TMV tobacco mosaic virus toad see “bulldog”; another term used for complex paph hybrids due to common presences of “warts” on sepals/petals UFO Unidentified Flowering Orchid (a nontraditional equivalent to NOID that some folks favor as an amusing, whimsical alternative to NOID) var. variety/variant (indicates a different, naturally occurring color variation of a species) weekly/weakly term pertaining to a generally advised watering/fertilizing schedule for orchids Common Shorthand for Particular Orchid Genera asco ascocentrum bulbo bulbophyllum catt cattleya cym cymbidium cyp cypripedium den dendrobium drac dracula enc encyclia epi epidendrum masdie masdevallia max maxillaria onc oncidium paph paphiopedilum phal phalanopsis phrag phragmipedium pleuro pleurothallid *Last update: 04.April.2013
Wow, Paul - Can we publish this, laminate it, and post it on our walls????
Great list Pavel. Thanks.
Great post. I teach a short beginners session prior to each of our Orchid Society meetings, and will share this post. Thanks!