Sounds like sunburn. The conditions changed somehow. They got more sun than normal. Could have been many cloudy days then one very bright one with direct sunlight on the leaves. Withought seeing where the plants are it is hard to tell. Most plants will not burn unless direct light hits their leafs.
Fertilizer will usually cause brown leaf tips on many genera but not cause what happened to your plants. If you followed the directions on the bottle then you are safe. You can give orchids recommended dosage from an orchid fert but go 1/3 strength with a normal plant fertilizer. You can also dilute to 1/8 strength and fertilize more often.
Personally I am lazy about fertilizing. I use a different type all the time. Sometimes I go once a month and other times I can got 8 months without fertilizing. Typically they can do very well with only getting fertilizer 4 times a year but that does have a lot to do with the type of water you have. Some areas have a lot of diluted salts such as Magnesium and other areas have horrible water that must have trace elements added before watering orchids.